The Many Different Languages Spoken in India
India is a diverse nation in every sense of the term, including a wide range of cultures and religions. The area is a fascinating melting pot of histories, traditions, religious beliefs, and linguistic varieties from all over the world.
The requirements of the locals along with the passage of time led to dramatic changes in the area, which made room for the development of underlying languages. This country is home to over 19,500 different languages, including tribal and non-tribal tongues.
Some of India’s most renowned languages account for the majority of its spoken language population. But these are not the only language.
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It is thought that Hindi developed from its Indo-Aryan root, which branched off from its Indo-Iranian stem. The numerous conquests and colonizations that took place in India throughout the course of its history led to the development of the Indo-Iranian language, which is a significant component of the Indo-European division.
It is estimated that over 120 million people in India use it as their preferred second language, making it the native tongue of approximately 425 million people in the country.
Sanskrit is the mother tongue of most modern languages spoken in India, including Hindi, and its influence may be seen in the language’s syntax, vocabulary, dialect, and literary discourse.
The use of the Devanagari script allowed for the literal expansion of Hindi and other languages that are considered to be very recent. In its earliest stages, the language that would eventually become known as Hindi was called Khari Boli.
This language emerged as a result of repeated invasions from Afghanistan, various parts of Central Asia, Iran, and Turkey. The persistent mingling of people of different racial groups, cultural backgrounds, and religious beliefs resulted in the creation of Hindi from Khari Boli.
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While the majority of people who speak Bengali do so in the Indian state of West Bengal, Bengali is also the official language of the nation of Bangladesh, making it a member of the same Indo-Aryan linguistic family as Hindi.
The Bengali language that is spoken today is said to have borrowed words and phrases from other languages, such as Magadhi, Pali, Tatsamas, and Sanskrit, or to have branched out from one of those languages. There are areas in Bihar and Jharkhand where Magadhi and Pali are still used as spoken languages.
Due to the fact that India has a history of being invaded by other countries, the borrowings also include the Persian and Arabic languages, and a form of it is also borrowed from the Austroasian languages.
One interesting thing to learn about Bengali is that its literal and verbal discourse does not make any gender-based distinctions. There is only one way to address people of different genders, including male, female, and non-binary genders.
The people who were born and raised in the Indian state of Maharashtra are the most prominent speakers of the Marathi language. Marathi is another language that evolved from the Indo-Aryan language family. There are also pockets of Goa where Marathi is the preferred language of conversation.
There are two primary varieties of Marathi spoken by people living in the contemporary day: the Varhadi dialect and the Standard Marathi dialect. Both are adapted by a significant number of speakers.
Malvani Kolkani, Agirani, Agri, and Koli are only few of the sub-dialects of the language that are spoken in different parts of Khandesh. The language adopts and operates on a three-way gender, which identifies the inclusiveness and exclusivity of the term ‘we’ in a different manner depending on the context.
The language known as Prakrit is the ancestor of many of the languages spoken in India that are classified as belonging to the Indo-Aryan branch. Among these languages is Marathi. Marathi descended as Maharashtri Prakrit.
Telugu is a language that originated from the Dravidian language family. It is most commonly used in the southeastern region of India, where there are roughly 80,3 million native speakers, according to the census completed in 2011.
It is also thought that members of minority groups in South Africa speak the language, and its use has been observed to be fast expanding not only in the United States but also in South Africa. Telugu phrases and terminology have been discovered on Prakrit inscriptions that date back to between 400 and 100 BCE.
These inscriptions were uncovered in India. Inscriptions in Tamil, a language related to Telegu and located in the same location as those in Telegu, were also discovered. The word “Nagabu,” which originated in Telegu and was found in Sanskrit writings dating back to the 1st century BCE, is considered to be one of the first significant words to emerge from the language.
Farhan Ali is a local news reporter who is graduated from Islamia University Bahawalpur. He is a regular writer on BenjaNews.com